For centuries, the mysterious and timeless charm of Egypt has made this ancient country one of the most spectacular tourist destinations in the world.
In the air, waterways and railways can reach Egypt. Those travelling by air can enter through Cairo International Airport, Alexander, Noza, Luxor and Aswan in Upper Egypt, Hurghart in the Red Sea region and Sharm el-Sheikh in South Sinai.
There are several airlines offering flights to Egypt, including British Airways, Alitalia, Turkish Airlines, Ethiopian Airlines, KLM and Thai Airways International.
In addition to the airport, there are many sea ports for those who like to travel by sea. For those travelling in the Mediterranean, Alexandria, Port Said and Port of Damieta are all possible entry points. There is also a port in Suez Bay and another port of Nuweiba in the Gulf of Aqaba. The Red Sea offers travelers three options: the ports of Hungaba, Safaga and Sharm el-Sheikh.
For those who like road trips, there are three land entrances. The Salloum entry post is located on the northwestern border [for those who come from Libya]. The famous Rafah crossing point is located in the Gaza Strip, the occupied territories and the northeastern border of Israel. On the eastern border, Taba has a post for those who come from Israel.
Getting the right paperwork and visas is vital to entering Egypt without pressure. Non-Egyptian visitors arriving in Egypt must have a valid passport. Visas can be obtained from Egyptian diplomatic and consular missions abroad, entry visa offices or the Immigration and Nationality Administration [TDINA]. However, visitors can obtain entry visas at any major port of entry.
Egyptian tourists who can reach Taba by land border into the Gulf of Aqaba and St. Catherine Bay are visa-free and receive a 14-day free residence permit. Citizens of the following countries must hold pre-entry visas: Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chechnya, Croatia, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Macau, Macedonia, Malaysia, Moldavia, Montenegro, Morocco, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and all African countries.
A person holding an Egyptian residence permit does not need to obtain an entry visa if he or she leaves the country and returns to the country within the validity period of the residence permit or within six months, whichever is shorter. There are three types of visas in Egypt. Tourist visas are usually valid for no more than three months and can be entered one or more times. For any purpose unrelated to tourism, such as work and study, visitors arriving in Egypt are required to enter the country. This visa is required to complete the Egyptian residency procedure. Transit visas apply to travelers transiting through Egypt. After arriving in Egypt, visitors have a variety of options to travel around the country in a relaxed and comfortable way. Choose from car rentals, luxury trains and coaches to domestic flights connecting the tourist city.
If you are coming from Cairo International Airport, you can choose to rent a limousine at a fixed cost depending on where you are staying at the airport, or use Cairo Airport to cover the country and airport. You can request this service through your travel agent or airport information desk.
The most convenient and most common way to travel in any city is by taxi. For example, in Cairo, it is easy to get this service in big cities, it has a lot of air conditioning and metering yellow taxis. It is recommended who book a taxi at least one hour before the scheduled travel time. In some cases, it is recommended that you ask for a receipt as proof of payment to avoid any inconvenience in the future. Alternatively, you can take an ordinary taxi on the street or even at the door of the hotel. Their color usually depends on the city they operate. In Alexandria, they are yellow and black, in Cairo, they are black and white. It's important to understand the color codes of different cities to minimize risk.
Major cities in Egypt have healthy public transport systems within and between cities. For example, Super Jet, Delta and Upper Egypt buses. They travel from one city to another and offer dining facilities, toilets and onboard entertainment. The downside of traveling by bus is that they often park too much and therefore spend too much time, especially on long trips. For long trips, rail travel is highly recommended.
The underground passage, consisting of two long lines, is the cheapest and fastest way to move within Cairo and Giza, especially during peak hours [from 2 pm to 5 pm]. First, there are 33 stations from Helwan to El Marg; second, there are 18 stations from Giza to Shoubra El Khema. Please note that the first carriage on each train is always strictly female. Summer work hours are from 6:00 am to 1:00 am and winter work hours are from 6:00 to 12:00.
Many transportation companies offer a wide selection of luxury and coaches from highly trained drivers. Car rental companies are represented in major cities as well as international and domestic airports. The train is one of the best ways to travel between the main cities of Egypt.
Three types of trains are available: regular trains, express trains and turbo trains. Fast and turbocharged are the more expensive options, but their benefits are to indulge in the journey, and you can use all the dining facilities and air conditioning to bring you to your destination quickly. There are excellent turbine train services between Cairo and major cities across the country. From Cairo to Alexandria, the train takes about two hours.
For those who prefer to travel by air locally, Egypt's national airline [Egyptian Airlines] connects most of Egypt's tourist cities through its reliable domestic flights. You can fly directly from Luxor to Sharm el-Sheikh or Alexandria.